Outdoor World

How Spanish flu helped create Sweden’s modern welfare state

The 1918 pandemic ravaged the remote city of stersund. But its legacy is a city and country well-equipped to deal with 21 st century challenges On 15 September 1918, a 12 -year-old boy named Karl Karlsson who lived just outside Ostersund, Sweden, wrote a short diary entry:” Two who died of Spanish influenza buried today. A few snowflakes in the air .” For all its brevity and matter-of-fact tone, Karlsson’s journal makes grim reading. It is 100 years since a particularly virulent strain of avian flu, known as the Spanish…

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