The announcement that new megacity Xiongan will be built near Beijing is the latest is making an effort to take pressure off Chinas biggest metropolises. Can it make?
Wu Shuhua sells heydays from the back of her bicycle in the charming, tree-lined streets of Shanghais Xuhui district. Initially from a village in neighbouring Jiangsu province, Wu came to the prosperous eastern city for its abundant economic opportunities.
But it isnt easy to make it big in Shanghai without education or associates. There are many flower marketers in the city two other regulars make the same street and most days Wu plights her motorcycle on a tactical angle and waits patiently for customers.
She is one of nearly 10 million rural migrants in Shanghai, part of the worlds most rapid urbanisation, moving nearly 500 million rural Chinese people into municipalities over the last 35 times. China now has more than 600 municipalities, many of which were small towns merely a few decades ago.
In April, the government announced plans to create Xiongan, a tremendous new city 60 miles south of Beijing which sits within the Jing-Jin-Ji urban megaregion. While details are still emerging about the future of Xiongan, reports envisage a town that will grow to three times the dimensions of the New York. It will incorporate universities, institutions and residents from the capital city, facilitating alleviate pres on casing and public service although not before motivating an initial land-buying craze in the area cited for development.
The scale of the new city assembles obligates them different from any existing form of urbanisation, according to Alain Bertaud, urban planner and senior study scholar at the NYU Stern Urbanisation Project. The sprawling northern megaregion Jing-Jin-Ji is designed to hold 110 million people and consolidate outer specific areas of Beijing, Hebei and Tianjin.
First announced in 2014, the Jing-Jin-Ji region is already said to account for 10% of Chinas GDP, with numerous plants and producing hubs being relocated to the new cluster. A new $36 bn( 28 bn) runway program and 600 miles of new trail for Jing-Jin-Ji was approved in December, with a blueprint for high-speed learns to connect the outlying cities of the new megaregion to central Beijing on a 30 -minute commute.